Remote-access Guide

ubuntu 20.04 mysql allow remote access

by Maude Stanton Published 2 years ago Updated 1 year ago

How to Allow Remote Connections to MySQL Database on Ubuntu 20.04

  1. Determine the location of you MySQL config file. Run the below command to find the same. ...
  2. We will edit the /etc/my.cnf file, for that run the below command. ...
  3. Locate the line that contain [mysqlid]. Don’t worry if your file is blank. ...
  4. Save the file by typing CTRL+O will ask for confirmation click enter and the exit the editor by pressing CTRL+X . ...

Full Answer

How do I install MySQL on Ubuntu?

Install the MySQL server by using the Ubuntu package manager: sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install mysql-server. Allow remote access. Start the MySQL service.

How to allow remote connections to MySQL database server?

To allow remote connections to a MySQL server, you need to perform the following steps:

  • Configure the MySQL server to listen on all or a specific interface.
  • Grant access to the remote user.
  • Open the MySQL port in your firewall.

What is the best FTP server for Ubuntu?

Install a Server on Ubuntu

  1. Install vsftpd. You might already have vsftpd installed. ...
  2. Create an FTP User. The first thing you need is an FTP user account. ...
  3. Secure Your Ubuntu FTP Server. Before setting up a connection, however, you'll need to ensure FTP ports are open in Ubuntu. ...
  4. Encrypted Connections: FTP+SSL=FTPS. ...
  5. Install an FTP Client on Ubuntu. ...

How to remotely connect to the MySQL database?

via cPanel. To add your computer as an Access Host: Log in to cPanel. Under the Databases section, click on the Remote MySQL® icon. On the Remote MySQL® page, enter the connecting IP address, then click Add Host .


How do I make my MySQL database accessible remotely?

How to Allow Remote Connections to MySQLStep 1: Edit MySQL Config File.Step 2: Set up Firewall to Allow Remote MySQL Connection. Option 1: UFW (Uncomplicated Firewall) Option 2: FirewallD. Option 3: Open Port 3306 with iptables.Step 3: Connect to Remote MySQL Server.

How do I access a MySQL database from another computer ubuntu?

Step two: Granting access to the userLog in to the MySQL server.Log in to MySQL with the command mysql -u root -p.Type the MySQL root user password.Issue the MySQL command: GRANT ALL ON wordpressdb. ... Flush the MySQL privileges with the command FLUSH PRIVILEGES;Exit out of the MySQL prompt with the command exit;

How do I grant privileges to a remote user in MySQL?

You need to take some steps to make sure first mysql and then root user is accessible from outside:Disable skip-networking in my.cnf (i.e: /etc/mysql/my.cnf )Check value of bind-address in my. ... Grant remote access the root user from any ip (or specify your ip instead of % ) GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON *.More items...

How do I allow MySQL access to another computer?

Before connecting to MySQL from another computer, the connecting computer must be enabled as an Access Host.Log into cPanel and click the Remote MySQL icon, under Databases.Type in the connecting IP address, and click the Add Host button. ... Click Add, and you should now be able to connect remotely to your database.

How do I access another MySQL database?

If you need to access another database instance, you will need to connect to it separately. You won't be able to make cross db joins. Some other dbmses have functions like oracle's database links, which allow to do things like make a table or view accessible to another database on another host.

How do I connect to a remote MySQL server using SSL Ubuntu?

To connect to remote MySQL server, you will need to create a new user with the IP address of the client machine, in our case, we need the IP address of the SSLServer2 machine....In the SSLServer2 machine, if the my. cnf file doesn't exist under these locations:/etc/my. cnf./etc/mysql/my. cnf./usr/etc/my. cnf.~/. my. cnf.

How do I grant privileges to a user in MySQL Ubuntu?

To GRANT ALL privileges to a user , allowing that user full control over a specific database , use the following syntax: mysql> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON database_name. * TO 'username'@'localhost';

Can't connect to MySQL server on remote host?

To allow remote access to MySQL, you have to comment out bind-address (you did) and skip-networking in the configuration file. Next, you have to make sure the user is allowed remote access. Check your user with this: SELECT User, Host FROM mysql.

How do I remotely connect to a database?

Create the remote connectionOn your database server, as a user with root privileges, open your MySQL configuration file. To locate it, enter the following command: ... Search the configuration file for bind-address . ... Save your changes to the configuration file and exit the text editor.Restart the MySQL service:

How do I check if MySQL has remote access?

If your MySQL server process is listening on 127.0. 0.1 or ::1 only then you will not be able to connect remotely. If you have a bind-address setting in /etc/my. cnf this might be the source of the problem.

How do I find my MySQL IP address Ubuntu?

The SQL query SHOW VARIABLES WHERE Variable_name = 'hostname' will show you the hostname of the MySQL server which you can easily resolve to its IP address.

How do I access my localhost from another computer?

If you want to communicate with that computer from somewhere else, you'll need to use its real IP address. With Windows, you should be able to get your IP address with ipconfig ( ifconfig under most UNIX-type systems) and just plug that into your connection parameters where you currently have localhost .

How do I connect to a remote database in MySQL workbench?

Steps to connect to your database remotelyOpen MySQL Workbench.Click New Connection towards the bottom left of MySQL Workbench.In the “Set up a New Connection Dialogue” box, Type your Database connection credentials. ... Type your password and click the “Save Password in Vault” check box.More items...•

What is bind address in MySQL?

The bind-address configuration within MySQL tells MySQL on which networks it can listen for connections. Note that MySQL is usually configured to accept connections from a local socket file (a unix socket). The hostname "localhost" usually implies it's using the unix socket.

What is the default authentication plugin for MySQL?

Note: This command will create a user that authenticates with MySQL’s default authentication plugin, caching_sha2_password. However, there is a known issue with some versions of PHP that can cause problems with this plugin.

What is a MySQL guide?

This guide is intended to serve as a troubleshooting resource and starting point as you diagnose your MySQL setup. We’ll go over some of the issues that many MySQL users encounter and provide guidance for troubleshooting specific problems. We will also include links to DigitalOcean tutorials and the official MySQL documentation that may be useful in certain cases.

Can MySQL listen to local connections?

One of the more common problems that users run into when trying to set up a remote MySQL database is that their MySQL instance is only configured to listen for local connections. This is MySQL’s default setting, but it won’t work for a remote database setup since MySQL must be able to listen for an external IP address where the server can be reached. To enable this, open up your mysqld.cnf file:

Can you access a database server remotely?

If you only plan to access the database server from one specific machine, you can grant that machine exclusive permission to connect to the database remotely with the following command. Make sure to replace remote_IP_address with the actual IP address of the machine you plan to connect with:

Can you connect to MySQL database from IP address?

Alternatively, you can allow connections to your MySQL database from any IP address with the following command: Warning: This command will enable anyone to access your MySQL database. Do not run it if your database holds any sensitive data. Following this, try accessing your database remotely from another machine:

MySQL: Allow root remote access step by step instructions

Even after configuring MySQL to allow remote connections to the root account, you still need to allow connections to MySQL through the Linux firewall and make sure that MySQL is bound to an accessible interface. If you have not already configured those aspects, first see our guide on MySQL: Allow remote connections and then come back.

Closing Thoughts

In this tutorial, we saw how to allow remote access to the root account in MySQL. This is a simple setting to configure inside of the mysql_secure_installation prompts, which everyone is recommended to run through upon initial installation of MySQL server on Linux.

What is MySQL used for?

MySQL is the world’s most popular open source relational database management system. It is widely used with web server like apache2,Nginx,IIS,etc.

Can you log into MySQL without a user?

By default, a MySQL installation has an anonymous user, allowing anyone to log into MySQL without having to have a user account created for them. This is intended only for testing, and to make the installation go a bit smoother. You should remove them before moving into a production environment.

Does the installation process prompt password for root user?

Installation process will prompt default password for root user and again same password.

Does Ubuntu have a package repository?

Ubuntu comes with default package repositories. So,if we want to add/install latest repositories then we have to add/install package repositories.

Configure MySQL bind address

We will start by opening the /etc/mysql/mysql.cnf file. With root permissions, open this in nano or your favorite text editor. $ sudo nano /etc/mysql/mysql.cnf

Allow remote access through firewall

Assuming you are using port 3306 for your MySQL server, we will need to allow this through the system firewall. The command you need to execute is going to depend on the distribution you are using. Refer to the list below or adapt the command as needed to adhere to your own system’s firewall syntax.

Allow remote connections to a particular user from a specific IP

Now that the MySQL service can accept incoming connections and our firewall will allow a specific IP through, we just need to configure our user to accept remote connections from that IP.

What socket does MySQL listen to?

Run the netstat command and make sure that mysql server listen on socket 0

How to create a user that is only allowed to login from a specific host?

If you want to create a user that is only allowed to login from a specific host, replace '%' with host IP or domain name when creating the user.

Does UFW block MySQL?

But if have enabled UFW then it will block the mysql remote access, so you need to add firewall rule to open the port 3306. Click the following link to learn more about UFW Ubuntu Firewall. From a another Linux machine, you can run nmap against your server IP to check whether port 3306 is open or not.

Can you remotely connect to MySQL?

Note that, enabling remote connections to MySQL server is not good practice from a security standpoint. So don't expose your database server to outside unless you must, especially in a production environment.

Can MySQL connect to a server from outside the localhost?

Now that our MySQL server allows remote connections, we still need to have a mysql user that is allowed to access the server from outside the localhost. To create a mysql user that is allowed to connect from any host, login in the MySQL console and run:

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