Remote-access Guide

ubuntu 18.04 mysql remote access

by Allen Nienow Published 1 year ago Updated 1 year ago

How to Allow MySQL remote connections in Ubuntu Server 18.04. Open port 3306 from Ubuntu Firewall. UFW firewall is disabled by default in Ubuntu 18.04, so you don't have to worry about opening mysql port 3306 if ... Create Remote MySQL user and grant remote access to databases.

Full Answer

How do I enable remote access in Ubuntu?

Ubuntu 20.04 Remote Desktop from Windows 10 step by step instructions

  • First step is to install Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) server xrdp on the Ubuntu 20.04 desktop. ...
  • Enable to start after reboot and run the remote desktop sharing server xrdp : $ sudo systemctl enable --now xrdp
  • Still on the Ubuntu 20.04 desktop, open a firewall port 3389 for an incoming traffic: $ sudo ufw allow from any to any port 3389 proto tcp

How to restart MySQL in Ubuntu?

How to start, restart & stop Apache & MySQL server on Ubuntu

  • Start Apache on Ubuntu Linux
  • Stop Apache server on Ubuntu Linux
  • Restart Apache server on Ubuntu Linux. Commands to execute on Ubuntu terminal to restart the Apache web server. ...
  • Stop MySQL on Ubuntu Linux
  • Start MySQL on Ubuntu Linux. Use any of one given below to start the MySQL, if it in a stop state.
  • Restart MySQL on Ubuntu Linux. ...

How to quickly allow remote connection in MySQL?

MySQL, the most popular open-source database server by default, listens for incoming connections only on localhost. To allow remote connections to a MySQL server, you need to perform the following steps: Configure the MySQL server to listen on all or a specific interface. Grant access to the remote user. Open the MySQL port in your firewall.

How to setup MySQL in Ubuntu?

Install MySQL. Install the MySQL server by using the Ubuntu operating system package manager: sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install mysql-server. The installer installs MySQL and all dependencies. If the secure installation utility does not launch automatically after the installation completes, enter the following command:


How do I enable remote access to MySQL server Ubuntu?

I did these steps:Installed MySQL Server + adding a new user.Activated the firewall: sudo ufw enable.Allowed the MySQL port: sudo ufw allow 3306.Reloaded the Firewall: sudo ufw reload.

How do I access a MySQL database from another computer ubuntu?

Step two: Granting access to the userLog in to the MySQL server.Log in to MySQL with the command mysql -u root -p.Type the MySQL root user password.Issue the MySQL command: GRANT ALL ON wordpressdb. ... Flush the MySQL privileges with the command FLUSH PRIVILEGES;Exit out of the MySQL prompt with the command exit;

How do I make my MySQL database accessible remotely?

How to Allow Remote Connections to MySQLStep 1: Edit MySQL Config File.Step 2: Set up Firewall to Allow Remote MySQL Connection. Option 1: UFW (Uncomplicated Firewall) Option 2: FirewallD. Option 3: Open Port 3306 with iptables.Step 3: Connect to Remote MySQL Server.

How do I access MySQL database from terminal ubuntu?

Start the mysql shellAt the command prompt, run the following command to launch the mysql shell and enter it as the root user: /usr/bin/mysql -u root -p.When you're prompted for a password, enter the one that you set at installation time, or if you haven't set one, press Enter to submit no password.

How do I connect to a MySQL IP address?

Select Connections from the SQL navigation menu. In the Authorized networks section, click Add network and enter the IP address of the machine where the client is installed. Note: The IP address of the instance and the mysql client IP address you authorize must be the same IP version: either IPv4 or IPv6. Click Done.

How can I access my database from another computer?

To connect to the Database Engine from another computerOn a second computer that contains the SQL Server client tools, log in with an account authorized to connect to SQL Server, and open Management Studio.In the Connect to Server dialog box, confirm Database Engine in the Server type box.More items...•

How do I check if MySQL has remote access?

If your MySQL server process is listening on 127.0. 0.1 or ::1 only then you will not be able to connect remotely. If you have a bind-address setting in /etc/my. cnf this might be the source of the problem.

What tool is used to connect to a MySQL server remotely?

Using MySQL Workbench to access your remote MySQL database through an SSH tunnel is a simple and secure way to manage your databases from the comfort of your local computer.

How do I change MySQL port from 3306 to 3307?

Find and change the port = 3306 line in your MySQL configuration (probably in /etc/mysql/my....Stop MySQL server.Open "my.ini" file in MySQL server installation directory.You will see the default port number "port=3306"Change it to desired port number.After changing, save the "my.ini" file.Restart MySQL server.

How do I access MySQL on Linux?

MySQL can be accessed from applications and programs on Linux....The mysql command-h followed by the server host name ( followed by the account user name (use your MySQL username)-p which tells mysql to prompt for a password.database the name of the database (use your database name).

How do I connect to a MySQL database?

To Connect to a MySQL DatabaseClick Services tab.Expand the Drivers node from the Database Explorer. ... Enter User Name and Password. ... Click OK to accept the credentials. ... Click OK to accept the default schema.Right-click the MySQL Database URL in the Services window (Ctrl-5).

How do I access MySQL database?

To connect to MySQL Server:Locate the MySQL Command-Line Client. ... Run the client. ... Enter your password. ... Get a list of databases. ... Create a database. ... Select the database you want to use. ... Create a table and insert data. ... Finish working with the MySQL Command-Line Client.

How do I access another MySQL database?

If you need to access another database instance, you will need to connect to it separately. You won't be able to make cross db joins. Some other dbmses have functions like oracle's database links, which allow to do things like make a table or view accessible to another database on another host.

How do I share a MySQL database with others?

To copy a MySQL database, you need to follow these steps:First, create a new database using CREATE DATABASE statement.Second, export all the database objects and data of the database from which you want to copy using mysqldump tool.Third, import the SQL dump file into the new database.

How do I access MySQL database?

To connect to MySQL Server:Locate the MySQL Command-Line Client. ... Run the client. ... Enter your password. ... Get a list of databases. ... Create a database. ... Select the database you want to use. ... Create a table and insert data. ... Finish working with the MySQL Command-Line Client.

How do I transfer MySQL database from one computer to another?

You can do by this process step-by-step using MySQL WorkBench.Install MySQL Workbench.Connect to existing Database.Go to Navigator -> Management -> Data Export. ( ... Create Database on target PC.Connect to Target Database (would consist of 0 tables in DB)Go to Navigator -> Management -> Data Import/Restore.

Step 1: Install MySQL Database Server

If you haven’t installed MySQL server and you’re looking for a truly open source database server, then MySQL is a great place to start… To install MySQL, simply run the commands below:

Step 2: Configure MySQL Remote Access

As we mentioned above, all remote access to the server is denied by default. To enable remote access, you’ll need to set the bind-address to allow for remote access.

Step 3: Access from Remote Clients

Now that the server is configured. use the steps below to allow remote clients to access the database.

Ubuntu Firewall

If your Ubuntu server has firewall enabled, then you will want to open connection to the database server. Simply run the commands below to open the firewall to client from from the IP address to the port only.

How to allow MySQL remote access in Ubuntu 20.04?

To allow MySQL remote Access in Ubuntu 20.04, we change the value of the bind-address to in the /etc/mysql/mysql.conf.d/mysqld.cnf file.

What port is open to MySQL?

You can also run the nmap command from a remote computer to check whether MySQL port 3306 is open to the remote host. nmap The output should list MySQL port 3306, and the STATE should be open. If the MySQL port 3306 is not open, Then there is a firewall that blocks the port 3306.

What socket is MySQL running on?

The output should show that MySQL Server is running on the socket 0 instead of

How it works.

By default the mysql daemon on Ubuntu 18.04 is only listening for connections on localhost (, which mean you cannot login to the server from a remote computer. This setting is controlled by the bind-address in the MySQL/MariaDB configuration file.

Open port 3306 from Ubuntu Firewall

UFW firewall is disabled by default in Ubuntu 18.04, so you don’t have to worry about opening mysql port 3306 if you didn’t enable UFW.

Create Remote MySQL user and grant remote access to databases

Now that our MySQL server allows remote connections, we still need to have a mysql user that is allowed to access the server from outside the localhost. To create a mysql user that is allowed to connect from any host, login in the MySQL console and run:

How to start MySQL as root?

Use the following command to begin a MySQL session as the root MySQL user. This command includes the -p option, which instructs mysql to prompt you for a password in order to log in. It also includes the -h option which is used to specify the host to connect to. In this case it points it to, the IPv4 loopback interface also known as localhost. This will force the client to connect with TCP instead of using the local socket file. MySQL attempts to make connections through a Unix socket file by default. This is generally faster and more secure, since these connections can only be made locally and don’t have to go through all the checks and routing operations that TCP connections must perform. Connecting with TCP, however, allows us to check the SSL status of the connection:

What IP address does MySQL use?

By default, MySQL is configured to only listen for connections that originate from, the loopback IP address that represents localhost. This means that MySQL is configured to only listen for connections that originate from the machine on which the MySQL server is installed.

Why does MySQL reject remote connections?

This is because the existing MySQL users are all only configured to connect locally from the MySQL server. To resolve this, you will create a dedicated user that will only be able to connect from your client machine.

How to force MySQL to only allow secure connections?

Under that section header, set require_secure_transport to ON, which will force MySQL to only allow secure connections:

What is private key in MySQL?

Additionally, the private_key.pem and public_key.pem files are used by MySQL to securely transfer passwords when not using SSL. Now that you have the necessary certificate and key files, continue on to enable the use of SSL on your MySQL instance.

How to enable SSL connection to MySQL?

To enable SSL connections to MySQL, you first need to generate the appropriate certificate and key files. MySQL versions 5.7 and above provide a utility called mysql_ssl_rsa_setup that helps simplify this process. The version of MySQL you installed by following the prerequisite MySQL tutorial includes this utility, so we will use it here to generate the necessary files.

How to allow MySQL to listen to external connections?

In order to allow MySQL to listen for external connections, you must configure it to listen for connections on an external IP address . To do this, you can add the bind-address setting and point it to, a wildcard IP address that represents all IP addresses. Essentially, this will force MySQL to listen for connections on every interface:

What is the default authentication plugin for MySQL?

Note: This command will create a user that authenticates with MySQL’s default authentication plugin, caching_sha2_password. However, there is a known issue with some versions of PHP that can cause problems with this plugin.

What is a MySQL guide?

This guide is intended to serve as a troubleshooting resource and starting point as you diagnose your MySQL setup. We’ll go over some of the issues that many MySQL users encounter and provide guidance for troubleshooting specific problems. We will also include links to DigitalOcean tutorials and the official MySQL documentation that may be useful in certain cases.

Can MySQL listen to local connections?

One of the more common problems that users run into when trying to set up a remote MySQL database is that their MySQL instance is only configured to listen for local connections. This is MySQL’s default setting, but it won’t work for a remote database setup since MySQL must be able to listen for an external IP address where the server can be reached. To enable this, open up your mysqld.cnf file:

Can you access a database server remotely?

If you only plan to access the database server from one specific machine, you can grant that machine exclusive permission to connect to the database remotely with the following command. Make sure to replace remote_IP_address with the actual IP address of the machine you plan to connect with:

Can you connect to MySQL database from IP address?

Alternatively, you can allow connections to your MySQL database from any IP address with the following command: Warning: This command will enable anyone to access your MySQL database. Do not run it if your database holds any sensitive data. Following this, try accessing your database remotely from another machine:

Does MySQL have SSL?

Currently, your MySQL server is configured with an SSL certificate signed by a locally generated certificate authority (CA). The server’s certificate and key pair are enough to provide encryption for incoming connections.

Is MySQL server secure?

Your MySQL server is now configured to require secure connections from remote clients. Additionally, if you followed the steps to validate connections using the certificate authority, some level of trust is established by both sides that the remote party is legitimate.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9