Remote-access Guide

how to allow mysql remote access

by Scottie Kilback Published 2 years ago Updated 1 year ago

How to Allow Remote Connections to MySQL
  1. Step 1: Edit MySQL Config File.
  2. Step 2: Set up Firewall to Allow Remote MySQL Connection. Option 1: UFW (Uncomplicated Firewall) Option 2: FirewallD. Option 3: Open Port 3306 with iptables.
  3. Step 3: Connect to Remote MySQL Server.
Mar 26, 2020

How do I enable remote access to MySQL database server in Windows?

Connecting to MySQL on WindowsFrom there, type . \mysql.exe -u username -h X.X.X.X:XXXX -p. Replace X.X.X.X:XXXX with your remote server IP address and port number (eg. 100.200. ... Provide your password, when prompted, to complete the sign-in process and access your MySQL database remotely.

How do I remotely access a MySQL database from another computer?

Before connecting to MySQL from another computer, the connecting computer must be enabled as an Access Host.Log into cPanel and click the Remote MySQL icon, under Databases.Type in the connecting IP address, and click the Add Host button. ... Click Add, and you should now be able to connect remotely to your database.

How do I grant permissions in MySQL?

To GRANT ALL privileges to a user , allowing that user full control over a specific database , use the following syntax: mysql> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON database_name. * TO 'username'@'localhost';

How do I enable remote access to MySQL Workbench windows?

USERNAME: Username you wish to connect to MySQL server. IP: Public IP address from where you wish to allow access to MySQL server. PASSWORD: Password of the username used. IP can be replaced with % to allow user to connect from any IP address.

How do I remotely connect to a database?

To set up remote connection to your database, go to Site Tools > Site > MySQL > Remote. After that fill in the IP address or hostname from which you want to connect. You can also add a Label for them. This will allow you to connect to the database server via a remote MySQL client.

How can I tell if MySQL is being remote accessed?

Task: MySQL Server Remote AccessStep # 1: Login Using SSH (if server is outside your data center) ... Step # 2: Edit the my. ... Step # 3: Once file opened, locate line that read as follows. ... Step# 4 Save and Close the file. ... Step # 5 Grant access to remote IP address. ... Step # 6: Logout of MySQL. ... Step # 7: Open port 3306.More items...•

What is Grant command in MySQL?

The WITH GRANT OPTION clause gives the user the ability to give to other users any privileges the user has at the specified privilege level. To grant the GRANT OPTION privilege to an account without otherwise changing its privileges, do this: GRANT USAGE ON *.

How do I grant permission to user in SQL?

To grant permissions for the user, switch to the Object Permissions tab. In the Objects block, select the database object on which you want to grant privileges. In the Available Privileges block, select the permissions to be assigned and click Save.

How do I change permissions in MySQL?

You can't currently change a user's privileges in the control panel, so to do so you need to use a command-line MySQL client like mysql . After you create a user in the cluster, connect to the cluster as doadmin or another admin user.

Why MySQL database is not connecting?

normally means that there is no MySQL server running on the system or that you are using an incorrect Unix socket file name or TCP/IP port number when trying to connect to the server. You should also check that the TCP/IP port you are using has not been blocked by a firewall or port blocking service.

How do I open MySQL Port 3306 on Windows?

Port 3306 is required for MySQL and MariaDB....MySQLOpen the Control Panel and click Security.Click Windows Firewall.Click Advanced Settings, Inbound Rules.Click New Rule.Click Port, then Next. Select TCP. ... Click Next, then click Allow the connection.Check Domain and Private.Enter MySQL as Name and Description.More items...

How do I connect to a MySQL database?

To Connect to a MySQL DatabaseClick Services tab.Expand the Drivers node from the Database Explorer. ... Enter User Name and Password. ... Click OK to accept the credentials. ... Click OK to accept the default schema.Right-click the MySQL Database URL in the Services window (Ctrl-5).

How can I access MySQL database online?

MySQL Login Credentials In the MySQL area, you can clik on the "Login to PHPMyAdmin" button to access your database. You'll also be able to access your host name, database name, port, username and password in this area. You will need following information to connect to your database.

How do I connect to a MySQL database using IP address?

Select Connections from the SQL navigation menu. In the Authorized networks section, click Add network and enter the IP address of the machine where the client is installed. Note: The IP address of the instance and the mysql client IP address you authorize must be the same IP version: either IPv4 or IPv6. Click Done.

How do I access a SQL server database from another computer using my IP address?

Configure SQL Server machineWindows Firewall ->Advanced Settings->Inbound Rules. ... Run SSMS (SQL Server Management Studio) on SQL Server machine. ... Server Properties - > Connections -> Allow Remote Connections ..” ... Add a SQL login (if not already there)Enable SQL Service to listen on TCP/IP. ... Restart SQL Server Service.

How do I access MySQL database from another computer using Workbench?

Steps to connect to your database remotelyOpen MySQL Workbench.Click New Connection towards the bottom left of MySQL Workbench.In the “Set up a New Connection Dialogue” box, Type your Database connection credentials. ... Type your password and click the “Save Password in Vault” check box.More items...•

What port is MySQL on?

The iptables utility is available on most Linux distributions by default. Type the following command to open MySQL port 3306 to unrestricted traffic:

How many commands are needed to grant remote access to a user?

Granting remote access to a user for an existing database requires a set of two commands:

What does u username mean in MySQL?

The -u username in the command represents your MySQL username. The -h mysql_server_ip is the IP or the hostname of your MySQL server. The -p option prompts you to enter the password for the MySQL username.

What is the name of the zone in MySQL?

Create a new zone to set the rules for the MySQL server traffic. The name of the zone in our example is mysqlrule, and we used the IP address from our previous example

What is the default IP address for MySQL?

Scroll down to the bind-address line and change the IP address. The current default IP is set to This IP limits MySQL connections to the local machine.

Why do we need separate database servers?

A separate database server can improve security, hardware performance, and enable you to scale resources quickly. In such use cases, learning how to manage remote resources effectively is a priority.

Which database management system can be installed on CentOS 8?

MySQL, the most widely used relational database management system can be installed on CentOS 8 from the...

What port is MySQL on?

The last step is to configure your firewall to allow traffic on port 3306 (MySQL default port) from the remote machines.

What is user_name in MySQL?

user_name is the name of the MySQL user.

Where is MySQL configuration file?

The location of the MySQL configuration file differs depending on the distribution. In Ubuntu and Debian the file is located at /etc/mysql/mysql.conf.d/mysqld.cnf, while in Red Hat based distributions such as CentOS, the file is located at /etc/my.cnf.

Can MySQL listen to private IP?

If the MySQL server and clients can communicate over a private network, the best option is to set the MySQL server to listen only on the private IP. Otherwise, if you want to connect to the server over a public network, set the MySQL server to listen on all IP addresses on the machine.

Does MySQL listen to localhost?

By default, the MySQL server listens for connections only from localhost, which means it can be accessed only by applications running on the same host.

Which database server listens for incoming connections only?

MySQL, the most popular open-source database server by default, listens for incoming connections only on localhost.

Does MySQL 8.0 have bind address?

In MySQL 8.0 and higher, the bind-address directive may not be present. In this case, add it under the [mysqld] section.

Where to find configuration file in MySQL?

Just a note from my experience, you can find configuration file under this path /etc/mysql/mysql.conf.d/mysqld.cnf.

Is remote login off by default?

All process for remote login. Remote login is off by default.You need to open it manually for all give access all ip

Do you have to add privileges for non localhost?

You will also have to add privileges for a non- localhost user as well.

Does MySQL listen to brew?

If you installed MySQL from brew it really does only listen on the local interface by default. To fix that you need to edit /usr/local/etc/my.cnf and change the bind-address from to *.

Create a New MySQL User

It is advisable to work with a remote user who is neither a root MySQL user nor tied to the remote server hosting the MySQL database software.

Enable Remote MySQL Access

Now that we have the remote user created, it’s time to perform some additional configuration changes. By default, the MySQL bind-address is which implies that only localhost users can interact with the MySQL database.

Attempting Remote MySQL Database Access

To directly connect to the MySQL database server remotely, adhere to the following MySQL syntax:

Enable Remote MySQL Access in Firewall

If you have a firewall enabled on your remote server, you might need to grant access to MySQL’s default port 3306 and grant access to remote_ip_address as shown.

How to configure MySQL database to allow connections from devices?

If you want to configure your MySQL database to allow connections from devices using your current internet connection, find your public IP address first, then replace with that IP address. Alternatively , replace it with an IP address for the device or server you wish to allow connections from .

How to connect to MySQL server on Mac?

To connect to your remote MySQL server on Mac or Linux, open a new terminal window and type mysql -u username -h X.X.X.X:XXXX -p. Replace X.X.X.X:XXXX with your remote server IP address and port number (eg. and username with your MySQL username.

How to edit MySQL database?

To start, use your preferred console text editor to edit your MySQL database file. On Linux, type sudo nano /etc/mysql/mysql.conf.d/mysqld.cnf into a terminal or SSH window to edit this file using the nano editor (assuming your MySQL database is in the default location) .

How to open a MySQL configuration file on Mac?

On Mac, open a terminal window and type sudo nano /usr/local/etc/my.cnf. This is the default configuration file for MySQL if you’ve installed MySQL using homebrew.

How to save a MySQL bind address?

Once you’ve configured the bind-address in your MySQL configuration file, save the file. If you’re on Linux, select Ctrl + O and Ctrl + X to do this. On Mac, select Command + O and Command + X. Windows users can save by selecting File > Save.

How to restart MySQL on Mac?

Next, Linux and Mac users can restart MySQL by typing mysql.server stop && mysql.server start or mysql.server restart. You may need to elevate the command using sudo (eg. sudo mysql.server restart) and use the appropriate path to the mysql.server file (eg. /usr/local/bin/mysql.server ).

How to create a user in MySQL?

In your remote MySQL shell (using the mysql tool), type CREATE USER “username”@”x.x.x.x” IDENTIFIED BY “password”; and select Enter. Replace username with the username you wish to create, x.x.x.x with the IP address you wish to connect from, and password with a suitable password.

How to allow remote access to MySQL database?

To allow remote access to MySQL database, type the following command at the mysql> prompt, replace DBNAME with the database which you want to access: use DBNAME; use DBNAME; use DBNAME; After you are granted the MySQL remote access, you can run SQL queries, list tables, and carry out your other tasks.

How to enable remote MySQL connection?

To enable MySQL remote connection, you need to grant remote MySQL access at your hosting server and whitelist the IPs of the incoming connection points. Although this is a simple process, it is not very secure.

Why is remote access disabled in MySQL?

A: The remote access to the MySQL database server is disabled due to security reasons.

How to view MySQL commands?

After you are granted the MySQL remote access, you can run SQL queries, list tables, and carry out your other tasks. To view a list of MySQL commands , type help at the mysql> prompt.

Why is it important to have a separate database server?

A separate database server can improve security and allows you to quickly scale resources. Understanding how to efficiently handle remote resources and connections in the distributed environment has become an essential requirement of many projects.

How to give access to developers on Cloudways?

The first is to give them SFTP access. The second is to add them as a team member so they are comfortable and can be more independent with their servers and applications. For allowing MySQL remote access, the best option is to add your developer as a team member first, before granting the permissions and whitelisting his public IP.

What happens if you accidentally grant access to a user?

If you have accidentally granted access to a user, you can revoke access very easily.

Step One: Edit MySQL Bind Address

The first step is to edit the MySQL server's bind address which is currently set to loopback. For this, open the MySQL server's configuration file, and modify it as follows.

Step Two: Grant Remote Access to MySQL User

The next step is to grant remote access to the MySQL user who needs remote access. For this, you need to log in to the MySQL server and issue appropriate commands.

Step 1 – Configure MySQL Service

The default MySQL server listens on the localhost interface only. You need to change this to listen on all interfaces.

Step 2 – Create MySQL User with Remote Access

Next, you need to create a MySQL user to connect from the remote host.

Step 3 – Adjust Firewall

Before changing the system firewall, the system running in cloud hosting environments must-have update security group to open MySQL port based on hosting services.

Step 4 – Connect Remote MySQL

You must have mysql client packages installed on your system to connect remote MySQL server.

MySQL: Allow root remote access step by step instructions

Even after configuring MySQL to allow remote connections to the root account, you still need to allow connections to MySQL through the Linux firewall and make sure that MySQL is bound to an accessible interface. If you have not already configured those aspects, first see our guide on MySQL: Allow remote connections and then come back.

Closing Thoughts

In this tutorial, we saw how to allow remote access to the root account in MySQL. This is a simple setting to configure inside of the mysql_secure_installation prompts, which everyone is recommended to run through upon initial installation of MySQL server on Linux.

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